Phosphoric acid + hydrofluoric acid + nitric acid
These corrosion data are mainly based on results of general corrosion laboratory tests, carried out with pure chemicals and water solutions nearly saturated with air (the corrosion rate can be quite different if the solution is free from oxygen).
All concentrations are given in weight-% and the solvent is water if nothing else is shown. The corrosion data apply to annealed materials with normal microstructure and clean surfaces, throughout.
|Conc. H3PO4 %||18||19.3||19.3|
|Conc. HF %||0.2||0.1||0.1|
|Conc. HNO3 %||28||31.2||31.2|
|Grade or type of alloy:|
|Sandvik 2RK65 ('904L')||1||0||1|
|Sandvik SAF 2304||1||0||1|
|Sandvik SAF 2205||1||0||1|
|Sandvik SAF 2507||0||0||1|
|Titanium (CP Ti)||1||1||2|
1) ASTM 317L, e.g. Sandvik 3R64
2) EN 1.4439, e.g. Sandvik 3R68
These corrosion tables use a number of symbols, having the following meanings:
|0||Corrosion rate less than 0.1 mm/year. The material is corrosion proof.|
|1||Corrosion rate 0.1—1.0 mm/year. The material is not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases.|
|2||Corrosion rate over 1.0 mm/year. Serious corrosion. The material is not usable.|
|p, P||Risk (severe risk) of pitting and crevice corrosion.|
|c, C||Risk (Severe risk) of crevice corrosion. Used when there is a risk of localised corrosion only if crevices are present. Under more severe conditions, when there is also a risk of pitting corrosion, the symbols p or P are used instead.|
|s, S||Risk (Severe risk) of stress corrosion cracking.|
|ig||Risk of intergranular corrosion.|
|ND||No data. (Used only where there are no actual data to estimate the risk of localised corrosion instead of p or s).|
Disclaimer: Laboratory tests are not strictly comparable with actual service conditions. Accordingly, Sandvik makes no warranties, express or implied, and accept no liability, compensatory or consequential, for the performance of different materials in individual applications that may be based on the information provided in this publication.