Sandvik 20C is a hardened and tempered carbon steel characterized by:
High fatigue strength under bending and impact stress
Low level of non-metallic inclusions
Good wear resistance
Compressor valve steel in Sandvik 20C has excellent surface finish, good dimensional tolerances and good flatness.
Chemical composition (nominal)
Valves made from Sandvik 20C compressor valve steel should be produced with fatigue properties in mind, in order to make full use of the excellent material properties.
- Flapper valves
- Reed valves
- Check valves
Forms of supply
Strip steel is supplied in labelled coils, or on labelled plastic spools, depending on weight and size. The label details the steel grade, heat, lot and coil number, and nominal size, allowing full material traceability. Material is protected against rust with oil.
Coils are wrapped in paper and packed in wooden cases. For overseas shipment, coils are also sealed in a plastic bag containing silica gel. Net and gross weights are marked on the case. Customized properties, dimensions and tolerances can be supplied on request.
Sandvik 20C comprevalve steel is supplied in standard thicknesses in accordance with the table.
Strip in standard thicknesses is stocked in widths up to 350 mm (13.8 in.), ready for slitting to the required width.
Edges are slit and deburred. Shaved edges can be supplied on request.
Maximum out-of-flatness across and along the strip is 0.20% of the nominal strip width.
Material is delivered bright, fine polished.
Maximum surface roughness values, cut-off 0.25 mm (.0098 inch), are shown in the table.
A small number of surface defects, such as pits and roll marks, with a depth or height of 2 µm (80 µin.) maximum is allowed for thicknesses up to 0.508 mm (0.020 in.) and 3 µm (120 µin.) maximum for thicker material. The maximum scratch depth allowed is as follows:
|Thickness||Max. allowed depth|
Out-of-straightness is defined as the maximum deviation from a straight-edge of a specified length. The following values apply:
|Strip width||Max. allowed deviation|
The proof strength (Rp0.2) is approximately 90% of the tensile strength (Rm). The manufacturing tolerance for tensile strength is ±80 MPa (±11.6 ksi.)
Sandvik 20C compressor valve steel has been used in the compressor industry for many years. The steel is tailored for applications requiring high fatigue strength. The fatigue strength depends on the surface and edge treatment of the material. The values presented are from none tumbled material with a smooth edge.
Reversed bending fatigue (mean stress = 0)
The fatigue strength of Sandvik 20C compressor valve steel in reversed bending is ±680 MPa (±99 ksi) at a failure probability of 5%. The value is valid for a strip thickness of 0.381 mm (.015 inch).
Fluctuating bending fatigue (minimum stress = 0)
Fluctuating bending fatigue strength for Sandvik 20C compressor valve steel has been calculated from reversed bending values. Goodmans formula gives 499±499 MPa ( ksi). Gerbers formula gives 608±608 MPa. The value is valid for a strip thickness of 0.381 mm (.015 in.).
Density, 7.8 g/cm3, 0.28 lb/in3
|At 20°C, W/(m °C)||49|
|At 68°F, Btu/(ft h °F)||28|
|Mean value for 50-100°C, J/(kg °C)||460|
|Mean value for 120-210°F, Btu/(lb °F)||0.11|
|°C||Per °C||°F||Per °F|