Sandvik 3R12 is an austenitic stainless chromium-nickel steel with a low carbon content used for medical and dental instruments. The grade is characterized by:
- Good corrosion resistance
- Excellent toughness
- Good welding properties
- ASTM: TP304, TP304L
- UNS: S30400, S30403
- EN Number: 1.4301, 1.4306
- W.Nr.: 1.4301, 1.4306
- DIN: X5 CrNi 18 10, X2CrNi 19 11
- SS: 2333, 2352
- AFNOR: Z 2 CN 18.10
- BS: 304S11, 304S31
- JIS: SUS304L, SUS304LTB, SUS304TP
- ASTM F899, A213, A269, A312
- ISO 16061
- JIS G3459, G3463
- EN 10216-5
- BS 3605, 3606
- DIN 17456, 17458
- NFA 49-117, 49-217
- SS 14 23 52, 14 23 33
JIS approval for Stainless Steel Tubes
Chemical composition (nominal) %
Subject to agreement, material with extra low Co content can be supplied.
Sandvik Bioline 3R12 has good resistance in
- Organic acids at moderate temperatures
- Salt solutions, e.g. sulfates, sulphides and sulphites.
- Caustic solutions at moderate temperatures
Sandvik Bioline 3R12 has better resistance than normal type AISI 304 to oxidizing agents, such as nitric acid. Figure 1 shows iso- corrosion in nitric acid for Sandvik Bioline 3R12.
Figure 1. Diagram showing iso- corrosion in nitric acid for Sandvik Bioline 3R12 at the corrosion rates of 0.1 mm/year (4mpy) and 0.3 mm/year (12 mpy).
Sandvik Bioline 3R12 has a low carbon content and therefore better resistance to intergranular corrosion than steels of type AISI 304.
The TTC-diagram, Figure 2, which shows the result of testing for 24 hour in boiling Strauss solution (12% sulfuric acid, 6% copper sulphate) confirms the superior resistance of Sandvik Bioline 3R12. This is an advantage in complicated welding operations.
The good resistance against intergranular attack of Sandvik Bioline 3R12 is also demonstrated in the Huey test (boiling in 65% nitric acid for 5x48h).
A maximum corrosion rate of 0.40 mm/year in the annealed condition and 0.60 mm/year in the sensitized (675°C) condition can be met.
Sandvik Bioline 3R12 with its controlled and low impurity level, shows better results than ordinary AISI 304L or 321.
Figure 2. TTC-diagram for Sandvik Bioline 3R12 (AISI 304L) and AISI 304.
Pitting and crevice corrosion
The steel may be sensitive to pitting and crevice corrosion even in solutions of relatively low chloride content. Molybdenum-alloyed steels have better resistance improves with increasing molybdenum content.
Stress corrosion cracking
Austenitic steels are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. This may occur at temperatures above about 60°C (140°F) if the steel is subjected to tensile stresses and at the same time comes into contact with certain solutions, particularly those containing chlorides. Such service conditions should therefore be avoided. Conditions when plants are shut down must also be considered, as the condensates which are then formed can develop conditions that leads to both stress corrosion cracking and pitting.
In applications demanding high resistance to stress corrosion cracking we recommend the austenitic-ferritic steel Sandvik SAF 2304.
Sandvik Bioline 3R12 can be used in
- Air up to 850°C (1560°F)
- Steam up to 750°C (1380°F)
- Synthesis gas (ammonia synthesis) up to about 550°C (1020°F).
Creep behavior should also be taken into account when using the steel in the creep range.
In flue gases containing sulphur, the corrosion resistance is reduced. In such environments the steel can be used at temperatures up to 600-750°C (1110-1380°F) depending on service conditions. Factors to consider are whether the atmosphere is oxidizing or reducing, i.e. the oxygen content, and whether impurities such as sodium and vanadium are present.
Thick wall tubes applications :
Sandvik 3R12 is used for medical and dental tools.
Thin wall tubes applications :
Sandvik 3R12 can be used for biopsy punches, mammography machine, brooches, suspension for oxygen tank for hospital mobile beds, surgical and dental tools.
Forms of supply
Dimension range for tubes, thick wall
Seamless tube and pipe in Sandvik 3R12 is supplied in dimensions up to 260 mm outside diameter in the solution annealed and white-pickled condition or solution annealed in a bright-annealing process.
U-tubes can be delivered on request.
|Sandvik 3R12 is stocked in a wide range of sizes according to ISO and ANSI.
Details of our manufacturing and stock programme are given in catalogue S-110-ENG.
Dimension range for tubes, thin wall
OD : 0.5 - 50.80 mm
thickness : 0.1 - 3 mm
Fine tube tolerances :
- Thickness tolerance : +/- 10%
- OD tolerance : +/- 0.75% with a minimum of +/-0.02 mm
for OD> 5mm Ra (outside) < 0.4 (by polishing)
for ID>3.2mm Ra (inside)< 0.4 - this possibility depends on thickness/diameter ratio
Specific roughness can be done on request
- Internal cleaning can not be done for inside diameter below 4 mm
All products supplied either in the annealed and cold worked condition to provide mechanical properties as required
The tubes are normally delivered in heat treated condition. If additional heat treatment is needed after further processing the following is recommended.
850-950°C (1560-1740°F), cooling in air.
1000-1100°C (1830-2010°F), rapid cooling in air or water.
Thin wall tubes
Sandvik 3R12 can be supplied in bright annealed or cold worked condition with a Rm : 860-1100 MPa
Thick wall tubes
For tube and pipe with wall thickness greater than 10 mm (0.4 in.) the proof strength may fall short of the stated value by about 10 MPa (1.4 ksi).
At 20°C (68°F)
Mechanical properties can be set according to your demands.
|Tensile strength||Proof strength||Elong.||Hardness|
|Cold worked (min)||700||101||≥600||≥80||≥18|
1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a) Rp0.2 and Rp1.0 correspond to 0.2% offset and 1.0% offset yield strength, respectively.
b) Based on L0 = 5.65 ÖS0 where L0 is the original gauge length and S0 the original cross-section area.
Due to its austenitic microstructure, Sandvik 3R12 has very good impact strength both at room temperature and at cryogenic temperatures.
Tests have demonstrated that the steel fulfils the requirements according to the European standards EN 13445-2 (UFPV-2) ( (min. 60 J (44 ft-lb) at -270 oC (-455 oF)) and EN 10216-5 (min. 60 J (44 ft-lb) at -196 oC (-320oF).
At high temperatures
|Temperature,||Creep-rupture strength (ISO- values)|
|°C||°F||10 000 h||100 000 h|
Density: 7.9 g/cm3, 0.29 lb/in3
|°C||°F||W/m °C||Btu/ft h °F|
|°C||°F||J/kg °C||Btu/lb °F|
|Temperature, °C||Per °C||Temperature, °F||Per °F|
1) Mean values in temperature ranges (x10-6)
Annealing after cold bending is not normally necessary, but this point must be decided with regard to the degree of bending and the operating conditions. Heat treatment, if any, should take the form of stress relieving or solution annealing, see under heat treatment.
Hot bending is carried out at 1100-850°C (2010-1560°F) and should be followed by solution annealing.
The weldability of Sandvik 3R12 is good. Suitable welding methods are manual metal-arc welding with covered electrodes and gas-shielded arc welding with the TIG and MIG methods as first choice. Preheating and post-weld heat treatment are not normally necessary.
Since the material has low thermal conductivity and high thermal expansion, welding must be carried out with a low heat input and with welding plans well thought out in advance so that the deformation of the welded joint can be kept under control. If, despite these precautions, it is foreseen that the residual stresses might impair the function of the weldment, we recommend that the entire structure be stress relieved. See under Heat treatment.
As filler material for gas-shielded arc welding we recommend wire electrodes and rods Sandvik 19.9.L or 19.9.LSi. In manual metal-arc welding covered electrodes Sandvik 19.9.LR or 19.9.LRHD are recommended. If flux cored arc welding is preferred, electrodes Sandvik 19.9.LT or 19.9.LVT should be used.