Safety information sheet* (SIS) for titanium and titanium alloys

Issue of April 2018

1. Identification of substance and company

1.1. Product identifier

Product name unalloyed titanium grades.

Corrosion resistant, high strength and creep resistant grades in semi-finished products, bar and tube. The products are marketed with Sandvik Materials Technology´s trade names and designations in accordance with various international standards.

1.2. Relevant identified uses of the mixture and uses advised against

The products are used extensively in varying applications, especially where stainless steels or other materials have insufficient corrosion resistance. This means that these Sandvik products are used in many different applications in f.e. chemical, medical, aviation, oil and gas and nuclear industries.

1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety information sheet

Manufacturer, supplier

AB Sandvik Materials Technology including any of its producing subsidiaries. Address main office:
AB Sandvik Materials Technology
Tel. No. +46 26 26 00 00
S-811 81 SANDVIKEN
Sweden
www.materials.sandvik

Department supplying information:

AB Sandvik Materials Technology
Research & Innovation
s
hahla.soltanieh@sandvik.com
SE-811 81 Sandviken, Sweden
Tel: +46-(0)26-26 00 00

1.4. Emergency information

In case of emergency, contact your local authority advisor.

2. Hazards identification

2.1. Classification of the mixture

Not classified.

2.2. Label elements

No signal word or hazard statement.

2.3. Other hazards

There are no hazards of concern for man or the environment from titanium or titanium alloy in the forms supplied.

Dust and fume may be generated during processing e.g. in welding, cutting and grinding. If airborne concentrations of dust and fume are excessive, inhalation over long periods may affect workers' health, primarily of the lungs.

3. Composition/information on ingredients

Element

CAS

number

EINECS

number

Concentration,

wt-%

Classification (EC 1272/2008

Titanium

7440-32-6

241-036-9

>99

Not classified

4. First aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures

There are no specific first aid measures developed for titanium and titanium alloys in massive form. Medical attention should be sought in case of an excessive inhalation of dust, a physical injury to the skin or to the eyes.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects both acute and delayed

No relevant information has been identified.

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

No relevant information has been identified.

5. Firefighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Titanium and titanium alloy in massive form are not combustible but material in the form of small chips, fine turnings or dust can self-ignite in moist air.

If possible; allow fire to burn out. Fire can be controlled by covering with powder from type D fire extinguisher, sand, or dry table salt. Carbon dioxide is not effective. Water applied to burning titanium may cause an explosion.

5.2. Special hazards arising from the mixture

Care should be taken to avoid exposing small chips, fine turnings and process dust (e.g. from grinding and blasting operations) to air and fire (auto ignition temperature 250°C/480 F for powders).

5.3. Advice for firefighters

Dry titanium burns slowly while releasing much heat. Piled chips may burn vigorously.

6. Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Not applicable for the product in massive form.

For fines and dust; wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

6.2. Environmental precautions

Not applicable for the product in massive form.

For fines and dust; do not allow to be released to the environment.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

Not applicable for the product in massive form.

For fines and dust; clean spills in a manner that not disperse dust into the air. Sweep or scoop up. Place in an appropriate container for further handling and disposal.

6.4 Reference to other sections

None.

7. Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

There are no special technical measures involved for handling titanium and titanium alloy in massive form. Normal precautions should be taken to avoid physical injury from coiled or bundled products, possibly with sharp edges.

Machining operations require the use of cutting fluids to reduce the temperature of waste material which might ignite without coolant.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

The product is stable in storage. However, it should be kept in mind that the products may display sharp edges and a sufficiently robust place capable of carrying the significant weight of the products should be used for storage.

7.3. Specific end uses

None identified.

8. Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

There are no occupational exposure limits for titanium.

8.2. Exposure controls

8.2.1. Appropriate engineering controls

In the processing of all metallic materials, exposure to fume and dust must be kept below any legally imposed limits.

Dust and fume may be generated in use, e.g. by cutting, grinding and welding processes, which may contain materials subject to exposure limits. To ensure these limits are not exceeded, adequate general or local ventilation or fume extraction should be provided.

8.2.2. Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment

In accordance with European and national health and safety regulations, it is necessary to assess the need for personal protection equipment and appropriate approved respiratory protection should be provided for those workers at risk of inhalation. Suitable hand and eye protection should be worn where there is a risk of laceration, flying particles, welding heat radiation or contact with oils during processing.

The process of welding should only be performed by trained workers with the personal protective equipment in accordance with the laws of each member state relating to safety.

8.2.3. Environmental exposure controls

Emissions from ventilation or equipment in the work place should be controlled to assure that environmental legislation is fulfilled.

9. Physical and chemical properties

9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties

Appearance: Solid; metallic, silver to gray

Odour: Odorless

Water solubility: Insoluble

Melting: 1941 K (1668°C, 3030 F)

Density: 4,5 g/cm3

9.2. Other information

Thermal conductivity at 20°C, 6-16 W/(m K), depending on specific grade.

10. Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades in massive form are stable and non-reactive under normal ambient atmospheric conditions.

Fines shall be kept away from open flame and heat.

10.2. Chemical stability

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades in massive form are stable and non-reactive under normal ambient atmospheric conditions.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions

Metallic or metal oxide fumes and dust may be produced during welding, grinding or cutting operations.

10.4. Conditions to avoid

Avoid creating or accumulating fines or dust.

10.5. Incompatible materials

Fines may react in contact with oxygen, acids and strong oxidizing agents releasing gaseous acid decomposition products, e.g. hydrogen, oxides of nitrogen.

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

See section 10.3. and 10.5.

11. Toxicological information

11.1. Information on toxicological effects

Acute toxicity

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades are not acute toxic.

Irritation

The exposure route of concern is inhalation. These titanium grade products are, in massive form, not capable of being inhaled.

Corrosivity

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades are not corrosive to skin.

Sensitization

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades are not dermal sensitizers.

Repeated dose toxicity

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades have no specified effect for dermal, inhalation or oral exposure.

During mechanical working, flame cutting or welding, dust, or fumes may be formed. Inhalation of excessive airborne particles may have long term health effects, primarily affecting the lungs.

Carcinogenicity

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades are not classified as carcinogenic.

Mutagenicity

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades are not classified as mutagenic

Toxicity for reproduction

Titanium and unalloyed titanium grades are not toxic for reproduction.

12. Ecological information

12.1. Toxicity.

No data.

12.2. Persistence and degradability

No data.

12.3. Bio accumulative potential

No data.

12.4. Mobility in soil

Not soluble in water. No data.

12.5. Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

Not relevant.

12.6. Other adverse effects

Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits. No further relevant information available.

13. Disposal considerations

13.1 Waste treatment methods

Surplus and scrap (waste) titanium and titanium alloy is valuable commodity and in demand to produce prime titanium alloys.

Recycling routes are well-established, and recycling is therefore the preferred disposal route.

Disposal to landfill is not harmful to the environment, but is a waste of resources and therefore less desirable than recycling.

Due to the fire hazards of fines and dust these shall be properly collected and placed in an appropriate container for further handling and disposal.

14. Transport information

UN numbers 1352, 2546 and 2878 are valid for land, railway, inland waterway, marine and air transport.

15. Regulatory information

15.1. None.

15.2. Chemical safety assessment

No chemical safety assessment has been published.

16. Other information

EU

The titanium products per section 1 in this SIS, conform to requirements, regulations or guidance given in:

-Reach regulation – EC 1907/2006

-Classification, Labelling and Packaging regulation EC 1272/2008.

-EU Directive 2011/65/EU of 8 June 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. (RoHS).

AB Sandvik Materials Technology is third party certified per the Environmental Management System, ISO 14 001:2015.

This certification requires full compliance with national and EU legislation within our area of business.

Declaration

The information given in this safety information sheet is based on the present level of our knowledge and experience. The data sheet describes the products with respect to safety requirements. The data given is not intended as a confirmation of product properties and does not constitute a legal contractual relationship, nor should it be used as the basis for ordering these products.

*Previous designation: Material safety datasheet (MSD)