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Conversion of different types of biomass into bioenergy is usually performed using thermo-chemical conversions such as combustion, gasification, or pyrolysis. The most well established and commonly used method is direct combustion to generate heat which can be used for generating electricity or

Concentrated solar power

The abundant solar energy available has the potential to provide the whole world with energy. Decarbonization and electrification are strong drivers for development and the solar power sector is currently growing exponentially. Solar power plants harness energy either in photovoltaic (PV) cells

Geothermal energy

Geothermal heat from below the Earth’s surface is a natural and renewable source of energy. Found around the globe and available year-round, this largely untapped renewable energy source offers a steady, predictable large-scale power generation. Geothermal power plants are concentrated in

Wind power

Wind power is one of the fastest-growing renewable energy technologies and also one of the most mature technologies, originating back hundreds of years where settlers used the power of the wind for grinding grain and pumping water. Today windmills are moving to windier and more remote locations

Salinity gradient power generation

Salinity gradient power, osmotic power, or blue energy, is the energy available from the difference in salt concentration between fresh river water and seawater. Salinity gradient energy is based on using the osmotic pressure difference between fresh water and sea water and relies on

Material solutions for marine environments

Material solutions for marine environments Material solutions for marine environments Corrosion - one of the main challenges Corrosion is one of the main challenges the offshore renewable energy sector faces. It is a complex issue related to: The focus of current standards and guidelines on

Stream/current turbines

Ocean currents move slowly relative to typical wind speeds, but they carry a great deal of energy because of the density of water. Water is more than 800 times denser than air. So for the same surface area, water moving 12 miles per hour exerts the same amount of force as a constant 110 mph

Tidal range

Tidal range is the vertical difference in sea level between high and low tide and uses technology similar to the production of hydropower with a dam or barrage to impound a large volume of water. The difference between the tide height inside and outside the impounded area causes water to be


Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the difference in temperature between cool ocean depths and warmer shallow or surface seawaters to run a heat engine and produce for example, electricity. It can operate

Ocean and marine energy

Our oceans can produce energy of two types: thermal energy from the heat of the sun and mechanical energy from the tides and waves. The oceans hold an immense amount of energy and are also close to very many large population centers. Ocean and marine energy has the potential to provide a

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