Sanicro® 28 is a high-alloy multi-purpose austenitic stainless steel for service in highly corrosive conditions. The grade is characterized by:
- Very high corrosion resistance in strong acids
- Very good resistance to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and intergranular corrosion in various environments
- High resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion
- Good weldability
EN Number: 1.4563
EN Name: X 1 NiCrMoCu 31-27-4
EN 10088-3, EN 10272
Status according to EN 10 204 3.1
Chemical composition (nominal)
Bar steel is tested in delivery condition.
The following figures apply to material in the solution annealed and quenched condition.
At 20°C (68°F)
|Proof strength||Tensile strength||Elong.||HB|
|Proof strength||Tensile strength||Elong.||Hardness|
1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a) Rp0.2 corresponds to 0.2% offset yield strength.
b) Based on L0 = 5.65√S0 , where L0 is the original gauge length and S0the original cross-section area.
c) For sizes below 50 mm/2" Rm min. 800 MPa.
Due to its austenitic microstructure, Sandvik Sanicro® 28 has very good impact strength both at room temperature
and at cryogenic temperatures.
Tests have demonstrated that the steel fulfils the requirements according to the European standards prEN 13445-2 (UFPV-2)
(min.60J (44ft-lb) at-270oC (-455 oF)) and EN10272 (min. 60J (44ft-lb)at-196oC (-320oF).
The weldability of Sanicro® 28 is good. Suitable methods of fusion welding are manual metal-arc welding (MMA/SMAW) and gas-shielded arc welding, with the TIG/GTAW method as first choice.
For Sanicro® 28, heat-input of <1.0 kJ/mm and interpass temperature of <150°C (300°F) are recommended. A string bead welding technique should be used.
Recommended filler metals
TIG/GTAW or MIG/GMAW welding
ISO 14343 S 27 31 4 Cu L/AWS A5.9 ER383 (e.g. Exaton 27.31.4.LCu)
ISO 3581 E 27 31 4 Cu L R/AWS A5.4 E383-16 (e.g. Exaton 27.31.4.LCuR)